Physical social emotional and cognitive development
The effects of spanking children have been debated for years, but now research is showing that spanking leads to children with lower IQs and children who are more aggressive and perceived as bullies by their peers. Many prominent doctors and child psychologist have banned together to voice their concerns about what they believe is an outdated form of corporal punishment. Studies by researchers in support of corporal punishment are limited.Photo Credit
Although many people believe that spanking can be used as a last resort, it is too often used as the first resort. Dr. Michael J. Marshall, author of "Why Spanking Doesn't Work, " says, "Corporal punishment is often the first response even for minor infractions. Teachers and parents need training in nonviolent ways to handle behavior problems."
A second commonly believed myth is that spanking is only used on the worst-behaved children. Marshall says this is also not true: "The most likely victims of corporal punishment are the most vulnerable, for example minorities, the smallest boys and children with disabilities."
Another myth is that using corporal punishment lets children know who is in charge. However, according to Marshall, the best way to teach children who is in charge is to use self-control.
The psychological effects of spanking have been examined and various research studies have suggested that children who were spanked can actually develop lower IQs. One such study, conducted by the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Maryland, tested a large sample of children who had been spanked by giving them IQ tests. The children, ranging in ages from 2 through 9, were tested against counterparts who were not disciplined by spanking. The results showed that the 2- through 4-year-olds who were spanked scored five points lower in their IQ tests than their counterparts.
The children in another sample, ranging in ages from 5 through 9, also showed a 2.8 point decrease in their IQ scores. The effects were statistically significant, even after accounting for parental income, parental education and cognitive stimulation. Although long-term research following spanked children and their unspanked equivalents is still in the works, current research strongly suggests a correlation between low IQs and spanking.
Regardless of the context, spanking is a violent act which can send mixed messages to children. Some researchers believe spanking sends a message that it is OK to be physically aggressive. "Children who have been spanked are at greater risk of becoming bullies, " says Catherine A. Taylor, assistant professor of community health sciences at Tulane University. She tested a large group of more than 2, 000 children to compare the aggressive behavior of spanked children versus those who were not spanked.
Controlling for factors such as maternal neglect, parental drug or alcohol abuse and psychological maltreatment of the children by caregivers, the parents were questioned on how many times they saw their child act aggressively. This included bulling other children, getting into fights and acting in a destructive manner. The results showed that parents who admitted to spanking their child reported a significant increase in aggressive acts in their children. More importantly, because this study controlled confounding variables, the results are more likely to solidify a correlation between aggression and spanking.
You might also like
I teach preschool.by -
The focus is on social, emotional, physical and cognitive development.
Expanding the life experiences from home and community life is as integral a part of preschool curriculum as the pre-reading, pre-writing, and pre-math and science skills.
You seem to have some preconceived conceptions about education that have strongly filtered your interpretation of my question.
I would be delighted to engage you in conversation on that topic if you wish to continue this discussion.
Meanwhile, if you have any input as to a book that might be recognized as something central to an atheist or agnostic or humanitarian world view I would very much appreciate it
Loving Arms Daycareby michelle-wolf
Licensed and insured thourgh St. of MT.
Owners/caregivers have been National back ground checked by the St. of Mt. We have recieved way above state minimum hours of training and are continuing our education as well.
Operating hours 6:30am-6:00Pm Mon.-Fri.
Offering 2 snacks breakfeast, and lunch.
offering safe, developmentally appropriate environment for children ages 0-12 yrs before and after school care. full and part time. We provide a stimulating early care and educational experience which promotes each child's social/emotional, physical and cognitive development
Gratitude and the Good Life: Toward a Psychology of Appreciation
How to understand Piketty: read him yourself — Oxford Student
The first is to applaud Piketty's work, construct some grand theory of social decline such as a new gilded age or a transition to oligarchy, and back his proposals for new taxes and regulation of wealth.
Zim: Health and education bounce back — Mail & Guardian Online
The scale of the social decline required an equally large-scale national response.
Sammons Preston DAYC-2: Developmental Assessment of Young Children-Second Edition
Health and Beauty (Sammons preston)
Holyrood Message — Greenock Telegraph
And this despite the government stating that reversing economic, physical and social decline of communities where market forces alone won't suffice is a top priority.
KNEX Sunny Day Sesame Street
Start Smart Songs for 1's 2's & 3's CD
Sports (adaptive sports)
Gratitude and the Good Life
eBooks (Springer Netherlands)
New Iron App helps bridge the gap between gaming and education — WalesOnline
The past century has seen the town suffer from relative economic and social decline but there is undoubtedly an economic and cultural renaissance underway.