Social decline of the Han Dynasty
The people of China suffered many years of the Ch'in rule. The Han Dynasty brought new laws, tax relief, and social reform. The Han Dynasty ruled China for many years until the year 220 when the Han Dynasty fell because of dynastic succession, bureaucratic corruption, inequitable economic burdens, and moral decline.
There were many different rulers of China. Liu Bang began the Western Han Empire. New laws and social reform were among the many positive changes that Liu Bang made. When Liu Bang died, his wife took control of the empire. Major discord was apparent during her rule and wasn't solved until Liu Che took over the throne. The Dynasty was prosperous under his reign. Liu Che was a great ruler; he adopted Confucianism as the political philosophy and revised the entire government of China. The death of Emperor Wu resulted in loss of unity in the Imperial Court. The succeeding emperors included children who were controlled by parents and guardians. Sadly at that time the Western Han lost it's Mandate of Heaven. The country was no longer under the Han dynasty until Liu Xiu restored the Eastern Han Dynasty. When Liu Xiu died, his son Liu Xang took over ruling the country. Liu Xang was a harsh ruler. When he died the Empress Dowager Deng gained power over the court. The women and the eunuchs used weak, young men as emperors to rule the Dynasty. This caused a power struggle in the Han court causing the empire to fail.
The Han Dynasty not only had problems with dynastic succession; their bureaucratic system became corrupt. At the beginning of the Han Dynasty state Universities, an examination system to educate men was put into effect. However, bureaucratic corruption, land privatization, and bribery caused adverse consequences. The Emperors could barely control the corruption. Confucian scholars did turn against the eunuchs because they were corrupt but the eunuchs still tried to gain power. None of the parties were able to improve the hard lives of the peasants. This caused mass dissention in the government which in time caused it's failure.
The economic burdens were another factor in the fall of the Han Empire. The Han Empire was financially strong. The rich began to find ways to get out of paying taxes, which put the burden on the poor. Farmers and plantation owners did not produce because they did not have the money. The government did not get money because the people who could pay their taxes, cheated. People who were honest, the farmers and plantation owners, didn't have the money to pay, which caused them to be angry. The tax burden and lack of money caused resentment between farmers, plantation workers, and the rich causing the empire to fail.
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