Social decline in Rome : Social Development

Social decline in Rome

Between the decline and

One of the reasons for the success of the Roman Empire was that the Romans treated their Empire as the world. In other words, the world was equated with the Empire. This belief formed the social cement which kept the Empire sustained. However, this bond, this social cohesion, was temporary at best. There were, after all, forces outside the Roman Empire which were eating away at the Empire itself. And regardless of whether we accept the fact that Rome fell as a result of internal pressure or invasions from the outside, or both at one and the same time, one thing is abundantly clear: Rome fell, and did so with a loud noise. It would take Western Civilization nearly ten centuries to recover and refashion a world which could be the rival of the civilization of Rome.

By the third and fourth centuries AD, it is proper to speak of a Greco-Roman tradition of thought. The Romans tried to limit the influence of Greek thought in the early days of the Empire. However, over time Greek ideas joined with Roman conceptions and a new tradition of thought was forged. In some respects, the Hellenistic world became Romanized. This is just one more example of how the Romans succeeded by assimilated other cultures. Furthermore, the Greco-Roman tradition refers as much to classical and Hellenistic Greece as it does the days of the Roman Republic and the Empire. Both civilizations produced a world view which we could only call pagan. This world view was secular through and through. Gods and goddesses were common to both civilizations and yet as time passed it was the virtuous life of the good citizen that was of supreme importance. The emphasis was on living the good life in the here and now, whether in the city state or the cosmopolis.

The Greco-Roman tradition was fashioned over the one thousand year history of the classical world, the world of Greece and Rome. The Renaissance of the 14th through 16th centuries attempted to revive the ideals of the classical world, and so the humanists of the Renaissance tried to imitate the humanism of centuries past. Humanist scholars took great pains to study the texts of the ancient world, not just to "harvest" the virtuous life of classical man, but to learn classical Greek and Latin. If ancient texts needed to be studied, then they needed to be studied in the language in which they were composed. What had happened between the fall of Rome and the Renaissance was the bastardization of classical languages. As scholars, the humanists needed the classical world for its language as much as it did for its ideas.

You might also like

We are starting to look like Rome

by chrisclark

Cultural Decay
Four important trends demonstrate cultural decay. They are the "decline of education," the "weakening of cultural foundations," the "loss of respect for tradition," and the "increase in materialism."
In his study The Civilization of Rome, Donald Dudley says that no single cause, by itself, would have brought the empire to its knees. Instead, the fall came through "a number of weaknesses in Roman society; their effects may be variously estimated, but in combination they must have been largely responsible for the collapse."{5}
The cultural decay of a nation leads inexorably to social and cultural decline

The Fall of the Roman Empire...

by MrsGreatWhite

Rome fell for varied reasons, among them: Overextension of its empire, with troops far and wide, and “…excessive indulgence and decadence by the upper class, at the expense of the state and the rest of the common people. Changes in climate which caused a decline in agricultural production, driving up prices”, "Class wars between the rich and the poor caused much tension within the empire. Waves of plague and disease spread through the densely populated cities, killing huge amounts of people and disrupting economic production and social stability. There were few jobs for commoners, most lived in poverty

Palgrave Macmillan A History of the British Presence in Chile: From Bloody Mary to Charles Darwin and the Decline of British Influence
Book (Palgrave Macmillan)

How to understand Piketty: read him yourself  — Oxford Student
The first is to applaud Piketty's work, construct some grand theory of social decline such as a new gilded age or a transition to oligarchy, and back his proposals for new taxes and regulation of wealth.

Zim: Health and education bounce back  — Mail & Guardian Online
The scale of the social decline required an equally large-scale national response.

Routledge Capitalism, Culture and Decline in Britain: 1750-1990
Book (Routledge)

Holyrood Message  — Greenock Telegraph
And this despite the government stating that reversing economic, physical and social decline of communities where market forces alone won't suffice is a top priority.

Pickering & Chatto Publishers The Decline of Jute: Managing Industrial Change (Perspectives in Economic and Social History)
eBooks (Pickering & Chatto Publishers)
Palgrave Macmillan Political Participation in Britain: The Decline and Revival of Civic Culture (Contemporary Political Studies)
Book (Palgrave Macmillan)
  • Used Book in Good Condition
Cambridge University Press Education and Economic Decline in Britain, 1870 to the 1990s (New Studies in Economic and Social History)
Book (Cambridge University Press)
  • Used Book in Good Condition