Social decline in Britain
At its peak, the British coal industry employed over a million men, and was one of the most important industries in the UK. Transport, power and related industries were all heavily reliant on coal. Even in the mid 1960s, British Rail was still running on coal power (steam). In the 1970s, a strike by coal miners, left Britain on the infamous three day week. Coal was Britain’s life blood, and without it, the economy could come to a standstill.
The decline of the British coal industry started after the First World War. But was accelerated after the Second World War, and in particular, after the miners strike of 1984.
Between 1923 and 1945, employment in the industry fell from 1.2 to 0.8 million, and the British share of the world coal market dropped from 59% to 37%. In part, this can be explained by increased competition, not only from other countries producing coal but also from cheaper substitute fuels. Before 1914 demand for coal was rising at an annual rate of 4%; after the war British exports of coal plummeted and domestic demand remained stagnant. Coal in decline
Employment in UK Coal Industry
- Employment in 2010 – 6, 000
Little more than 60 years after the end of the Second World War, Britain’s last coal mine producer (UK coal) is fighting for survival. Despite producing around 44% of British power needs (from just 39 mines employing 6, 000 people – UK Coal), even the UK coal industry knows it is an industry in decline. As the chairman of UK coal stated:
“I recognise fully that coal, as it is currently used to produce power, has a finite lifetime, because we have to decarbonise the energy supply chain, ” he says. “This industry is towards the end of its life. Let’s give it a managed landing, rather than a catastrophic insolvency.” (UK coal makes final bid for survival at Telegraph)
You might also like
Ah, britain is also an outlier - good catchby pesky
* In a comparison of eight European and North American countries, Britain and the United States have the lowest social mobility
* Social mobility in Britain has declined whereas in the US it is stable
* Part of the reason for Britain's decline has been that the better off have benefited disproportionately from increased educational opportunity
Researchers from the Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) have compared the life chances of British children with those in other advanced countries for a study sponsored by the Sutton Trust, and the results are disturbing
Islam making in roads in the UKby Inkarn8
Bishop Michael Nazir-Ali: Radical Islam is filling void left by collapse of Christianity in UK
By Martin Beckford, Religious Affairs Correspondent
Last Updated: 11:10AM BST 29/05/2008 |
The decline of Christian values is destroying Britishness and has created a "moral vacuum" which radical Islam is filling, one of the Church of England's leading bishops has warned.
The Bishop of Rochester, the Rt Rev Michael Nazir-Ali, claimed the "social and sexual" revolution of the 1960s had led to a steep decline in the influence of Christianity over society which church leaders had failed to resist
A History of the British Presence in Chile: From Bloody Mary to Charles Darwin and the Decline of British Influence
Book (Palgrave Macmillan)
How to understand Piketty: read him yourself — Oxford Student
The first is to applaud Piketty's work, construct some grand theory of social decline such as a new gilded age or a transition to oligarchy, and back his proposals for new taxes and regulation of wealth.
Zim: Health and education bounce back — Mail & Guardian Online
The scale of the social decline required an equally large-scale national response.
Capitalism, Culture and Decline in Britain: 1750-1990
Holyrood Message — Greenock Telegraph
And this despite the government stating that reversing economic, physical and social decline of communities where market forces alone won't suffice is a top priority.
The Decline of Jute: Managing Industrial Change (Perspectives in Economic and Social History)
eBooks (Pickering & Chatto Publishers)
Political Participation in Britain: The Decline and Revival of Civic Culture (Contemporary Political Studies)
Book (Palgrave Macmillan)
Education and Economic Decline in Britain, 1870 to the 1990s (New Studies in Economic and Social History)
Book (Cambridge University Press)
New Iron App helps bridge the gap between gaming and education — WalesOnline
The past century has seen the town suffer from relative economic and social decline but there is undoubtedly an economic and cultural renaissance underway.