Developmental milestones in Children
From the moment of birth, babies are inundated with sensory experiences that they are eager to explore. Babies watch their parents with the eyes, attempt to move toward the warm touch of caregivers and move their mouths to touch and taste just about anything they can get in their mouths. As children grow, their abilities to control balance, movement and fine-motor skills become increasingly advanced.
Developmental milestones are abilities that most children are able to perform by a certain age. During the first year of a child’s life, physical milestones are centered on the infant learning to master self-movement, hold objects and hand-to-mouth coordination.
From Birth to 3 Months
At this age, most babies begin to:
- Slightly raise the head when lying on the stomach
- Hold head up for a few seconds with support
- Clench hands into fists
- Tug and pull on their own hands
- Repeat body movements
From 3 to 6 Months
At this age, babies begin to develop greater agility and strength. They also begin to:
- Roll over
- Pull their bodies forward
- Pull themselves up by grasping the edge of the crib
- Reach for and grasp object
- Bring object they are holding to their mouths
- Shake and play with objects
From 6 to 9 Months
During this time, children become increasingly mobile. They usually begin to:
- Grasp and pull object toward their own body
- Transfer toys and objects from one hand to the other
From 9 to 12 Months
In addition to the major milestones such as standing up and walking, children also begin to develop more advanced fine-motor skills. In this window of development, most babies are able to:
- Sit up unaided
- Stand without assistance
- Walk without help
- Pick up and throw objects
- Roll a ball
- Pick up objects between their thumb and one finger
From 1 to 2 Years
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