Developmental milestones 18-24
The first five years of human development are the breathtaking, key moments to lay the foundation for success in life as an individual, and as a contributor to society.
Consider that at birth, the brain is a quarter the size of an average adult’s; three years later, the brain is 90 percent the size of an average adult’s. What happens during this period of rapid brain growth is the foundation for all that follows.
While every person develops at their own pace, there are some common milestones along the way.
From 0-5 at a glance:
In the first 12 months, children learn to:
- Grasp objects
- Roll over, crawl and walk
- Point at people and things
- Imitate sounds made by adults
- Babble, coo and begin using first words
In months 12-18:
- Play peek-a-boo
- Enjoy stories
- Manipulate toys
- Follow simple directions
- Correctly use two-word phrases
- Play simple games
- Drink from a cup
In the second year:
- “Read” picture books, naming people and objects in them
- Climb stairs
- Assert themselves by saying “No”
At age 3:
- Sing songs
- Recite nursery rhymes
- Play make-believe
At age 4:
- Uses a vocabulary of 1, 500 words
- Speaks in sentences
- Understands number and space concepts
- Begins developing logical thinking
- Cooperates with others
At 5, a child:
- Speaks fluently, correctly using plurals, pronouns, tenses
- Seeks knowledge
- Knows right from wrong
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From Am Fam Physician. 2008 Nov 1;78(9):1059-64.
Choby BA, George S.
Toilet training is a developmental task that impacts families with small children. All healthy children are eventually toilet trained, and most complete the task without medical intervention. Most research on toilet training is descriptive, although some is evidence based. In the United States, the average age at which training begins has increased over the past four decades from earlier than 18 months of age to between 21 and 36 months of age
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Their aim is to lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child. The focus is to reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-out.