Social development of Young children : Social Development

Social development of Young children

Social development involves learning the values, knowledge and skills that enable children to relate to others effectively and to contribute in positive ways to family, school and the community. This kind of learning is passed on to children directly by those who care for and teach them, as well as indirectly through social relationships within the family or with friends, and through children’s participation in the culture around them. Through their relationships with others and their growing awareness of social values and expectations, children build a sense of who they are and of the social roles available to them. As children develop socially, they both respond to the influences around them and play an active part in shaping their relationships.

Influences on children’s social development

While parents and carers are clearly the first and most important influences on children’s social development, there are many other influential

aspects of the social environment. Examples of the many influences on children’s development are shown in the diagram below.

A diagram showing the influences of family, school and peers on social development

The people and settings that are most closely involved with the child – family, school and peers – are shown at the centre of the diagram. Through their daily contact with parents, carers, family members, school staff, as well as with their peers, children learn about the social world and about the rules, practices and values that support it. By actively participating in these relationships, children also affect the ways that adults and their peers relate to them.

In addition, children’s development is influenced by wider networks of social support (represented in the diagram’s central circles), including extended family, friends and any community, cultural or religious groups a child may be part of. These networks provide opportunities for children to develop their social awareness and skills as they relate with different people and experience a range of roles and expectations.

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by secularhuman

(CNN) -- Think a little spanking won't do much harm to kids? New research says the effects can be long-lasting.
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