Children social development statistics
The United Nations definition of early childhood refers to the period up to eight years of age whereas most official statistics, including the early childhood indicators from household surveys such as the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), collect data for children under the age of five.
Early childhood, which spans the period of a childs life up to eight years of age, 1 is critical for cognitive, social, emotional and physical development. Events in the first few years of life are formative and play a vital role in shaping social and health outcomes2 and in building human capital, thereby promoting economic productivity later in life.3
During early childhood, billions of highly integrated neural circuits in the brain are established through the interaction of genetics, environment and experiences. It is during these early years that the newly developing brain is highly plastic and responsive to change. Optimal brain development requires a stimulating environment, adequate nutrients and social interaction with attentive caregivers.4
Because of the exceptionally strong influence of early experiences, the first years of life are a time of both tremendous opportunity and equally great vulnerability. In 2007, estimates published in The Lancet showed that more than 200 million children under the age of five in developing countries fail to reach their full potential.5 The estimate was based on proxy indicators (namely stunting and poverty) because no other indicators of child development in developing countries existed at the time.
Early Childhood Development (ECD) encompasses many dimensions of a childs well-being, so measuring it is an imprecise science. UNICEF has been working with countries to close this knowledge gap and develop indicators to measure the status of ECD through the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS). Indicators designed to assess the quality of a childs home environment and access to early childhood care and education were included in the third round of MICS (MICS3), implemented mainly in 2005 and 2006. The majority of countries participating in MICS3 included these indicators on early learning and child development, representing the first time that data on these specific topics were collected from such a large cross-section of low- and middle-income countries.
For the fourth round of MICS (MICS4), data collection was expanded to include an Early Child Development Index (ECDI) that aims to measure the developmental status of children within four domains: literacy-numeracy, physical, social-emotional and learning (see ECD indicators in MICS section for a detailed description of the ECDI). An important advantage of MICS is the ability to disaggregate the data to reveal important inequities faced by children such as those related to gender, area of residence, ethnicity and household poverty.
Along with existing evidence about the developing brain, this new data on ECD collected through MICS, provide a compelling case for more effective, better resourced and targeted interventions on early childhood development.
You might also like
This is trueby --
Statistics show that children whose parent(s) are either very strict or very easy going are those who encounter the most problems with social development.
It is important, as parents, to find a "happy medium". Have rules, guidelines, but pick your battles.
While I don't think I would be overly thrilled if my young teenager wanted to start dating, I do know that this is a reality of times. I would allow a supervised date. One mom drops off, another one picks up. Set the rules - such as no leaving the arcade, keep cell phone turned on, no drinking, no drugs, etc.
Or, you could ask him to invite his friend over to watch a movie at your house
Investing in Children: Work, Education, and Social Policy in Two Rich Countries
Book (Brookings Institution Press)
Connecting to disconnect? — Kashmir Reader
Research has proven Children's social development is at risk due to increased social isolation as children playing by themselves; their linguistic intellectual and imagination development is at risk.
Habitat for kids and wildlife — Surrey Leader
“Council recognizes that playgrounds are very important for children's social development, as it is there they get a chance to play, socialize and meet new friends,” said Delta Mayor Lois.
Children on the Streets of the Americas
eBooks (Accel Development)
Research Methods in Lifespan Development
In A Younger Voice: Doing Child-Centered Qualitative Research (Child Development in Cultural Context)
Book (Oxford University Press)
Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop (New Findings on Welfare and Children's Development: Summary of a Research Briefing)
Book (National Academies Press)