Child social development Timeline : Social Development

Child social development Timeline

Babies develop quickly in the first year.Written by: Michelle Blessing • edited by: Sarah Malburg • updated: 9/11/2012

As an early childhood teacher, you might wonder how you can enhance student physical development. Learning about guidelines at each age and stage is a first step. This can help you develop activities geared towards helping children reach their potential and finding success in the physical realm.

  • Assessing the Physical Development of Children

    Teachers are an important part of an infant and child's life, especially where physical development is concerned. Teachers see many children for up to 8 hours out of the day, giving them ample opportunity to assess a child's progress in physical growth and development. Developmental growth charts and actual observation are the two best tools a teacher can use to assess a child. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has published several growth charts to help teachers determine if a child is growing accordingly, and many online parenting sites offer charts of developmental milestones to help teachers know if their students are on track physically.

    Toddlers start to learn more physical skills the second year.After making the assessment on where the child is functioning physically, a teacher can develop a variety of activities to assist any child in meeting his potential. Simple games, such as hopscotch or tag, or even more complex things like an obstacle course, are all ways that teachers can enhance the physical development of the children they work with.

  • The First Year

    The first year is a time of rapid growth and development for children. Within the first year of life, infants will learn to sit up, crawl and (most likely) walk. This is an amazing time for teachers to help infants grow and thrive. Some things to look for when assessing physical development from birth to age one are:

  • By 3-4 months babies begin to develop head control and can lift their chests when placed on their stomachs.
  • By 4-5 months babies can roll from side to back and/or from back to side.
  • By 6-7 months babies can roll completely over (front to back and/or back to front).
  • By 7 months babies can pull themselves up to stand but have trouble sitting down again.
  • By 7-8 months babies can sit up steadily with support.
  • By 8-10 months babies can creep on their stomachs or begin to crawl on their hands and knees.
  • By 9-11 months babies can walk when led by the hands or "cruise" holding onto furniture.
  • By 12-15 months babies can stand without holding on to anything and begin walking.
  • So, what can you do to help an infant thrive and develop? There are several things you as a teacher can do to help infants' physical development during the first year. Some examples include:

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    The chart that's used to track his accomplishments is called the Denver II. It consists of a rough timeline of expected behaviors in several different areas: gross motor, language, fine motor, and personal/social. You find your child's age on the chart, then draw a line down through the activities he's expected to have mastered. Then you examine each intersection to determine which percentile your kid occupies. Based on this in-depth assessment, you settle back in your chair feeling the smug satisfaction of being the fine overachieving parent of a fine overachieving baby.
    Or, if you are me, you freak out just a little

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