Personality and social development in Adolescent : Social Development

Personality and social development in Adolescent

Process of Personality Development during Childhood

Healthy Personality Development
A Prerequisite for Social Adjustment

Personality development is outcome of cognitive, emotional, motivational and temperamental attributes that determine child’s view about himself, his world and the future.

Process of personality development

Constitutionally determined temperament has direct effect on pattern of child behavior and evolution of personality during childhood.

Depending on individual temperament children elicit different stimuli from the same environment. For example; a child with inherent "dependent nature" will find concerned parents and teachers comforting, whereas a child with high levels of energy and inherent low capability to adjust will find them intrusive and restrictive.


Environmental events during childhood influence children's behavior and personality formation, which in turn influence the environment.

Same environment imparts different childhood experiences to children with different behavior traits.

Furthermore, , the crucial component of child’s personality development.

Self-concept


can favorably influence children's aptitude and environment which attribute to their self-concept and self-esteem.

Understanding children’s and providing continuous support can help them through the turmoils of teens and peer rags.

The confidence children have that at home they are trusted and accepted for what they are helps them acquire a strong foundation for healthy personality development.

Positive self-concept gives children high self-esteem

Parental Support is Crucial for Healthy Personality DevelopmentA child who feels good about himself is satisfied with himself and with the world around him. He develops the “I am OK, You are OK” view towards the people in his environment.

Family structure

  • Birth order also contributes to child's self-concept and has a profound effect on personality development.
  • Change in the family structure or situation influences the role and patterns of interaction, such as birth of a sibling, separation or divorce of parents, death of a grandparent or loss of a parent’s job.

Personality traits

In English language there are thousands of words to describe the personality of an individual. They are also called personality traits.

It is the personality trait that determines how a child adjusts and reacts to to various environmental situations.

The combination and interaction of various traits forms a personality that is unique to each individual. Psychologists have divided these traits into three main categories:

Cardinal traits:

Cardinal traits dominate a child’s whole life, often to the point that the person becomes known specifically for these traits.

Effects of cardinal traits on the personality development tend to develop later in life and are not usually seen during childhood.

Central traits:

Central traits are the general characteristics that form the basic foundations of personality development.

They are the major characteristics that are usually used to describe a person. Some of the common personality traits are as follows:

  • Extrovert – Sociable and fun loving
  • Introvert - Retiring and sober
  • Openness - Imaginative and independent
  • Agreeableness - Soft-hearted and trusting
  • Conscientiousness – Organized and careful
  • Emotional Stability – Calm and secure

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