Normal social development in adolescence : Social Development

Normal social development in adolescence

Normal Adolescent Development

Adolescents are children who are 10 to 20 years of age. They are in a period between childhood and adulthood, called adolescence. This time period is divided into three stages, including early (10 to 13 years of age), middle (14 to 17 years of age), and late (18 to 20 years of age). During this time, your child will go through many changes in his physical, psychological (mental and emotional), and social growth.

What physical changes occur during adolescence?

Your child's body changes quickly during puberty. Puberty is a period in adolescence where the body develops and matures sexually. This period usually starts at 7 to 13 years of age in girls, and 9 to 14 years of age in boys. Hormones (special chemicals in the body), family history, and nutrition all add to your child's growth.

Body make-up: Boys: Bones and muscles grow, and strength increases. Fat is lost in some parts of the body, such as the arms and legs. Broad shoulders may develop. Body odor becomes adult-like and acne (pimples) may appear. Their voice deepens and hair begins to grow on the face, pubic area, underarms, and other parts of the body. Girls: Girls store more fats than boys. Their body develops with wider hips and smaller waistlines. Their body odor and voice change. Pubic and underarm hair starts to appear and grow. They may also get acne. Sexual growth: Boys: Hair over the pubic area increases in amount, and becomes darker, thicker, and curlier. At 11 to 12 years of age, the penis and testes begin to enlarge while the scrotum begins to thin out and redden. At about 13 years of age, boys may start making sperm and may ejaculate or have wet dreams. Girls: Breasts begin to develop. This usually occurs at 8 to 13 years of age. Around two years later, they usually start menstruating (having a monthly period). Menstrual cycles may be irregular for the first few years. This means that girls may miss monthly periods once in a while. Irregular periods may last for as long as seven years after they begin. Height: Boys: Boys grow about 4 inches per year during this time frame. During early adolescence, their height may reach 55 to 63 inches. Later, they grow to a height of 65 to 69 inches. Their full height reaches about 69 to 70 inches. On average, boys grow about 11 inches in their height during this time frame.

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