Adolescent social developmental stages : Social Development

Adolescent social developmental stages

Adolescent development

Adolescence is a time of challenge and change for your teenager. The dramatic physical, emotional, and social changes that occur during these years are often confusing not only for your teen, but for you as well. The good news is that the majority of teens manage to navigate the rocky waters of adolescence with minimal difficulties! With plenty of love, understanding, patience and guidance your child will grow into a responsible, independent, and caring adult!

Physical Changes: Girls

  • Gross motor skills (strength, endurance, and speed), improve slowly but steadily and level off around the age of 14.
  • Breast growth completed around 16 years of age.
  • Adult height reached by 15-16 years old.
  • Fat deposits increase in hips, breasts, legs and arms.
  • Muscle development in girls is much less than that of boys.
  • Sleep time generally declines because adolescents stay up much later. However, this leads to daytime sleepiness because their bodies still need approximately the same amount of sleep as during the pre-adolescent years. This accounts for the need to 'catch up' by sleeping later during non-school days.

Physical Changes: Boys

  • A dramatic spurt in strength, speed, and endurance.
  • Develop large skeletal muscles.
  • Heart and lungs enlarge dramatically.
  • An increase in the number of red blood cells which carry oxygen from the lungs to the muscles-this does not occur in girls.
  • Voice change occurs during the middle of puberty.
  • Around 17-18 years of age physical changes are complete.

Body Image:

The timing of these physical changes affects how adolescents perceive themselves.

  • Boys who mature earlier than their peers tend to have a positive self-image. To friends, relatives, and teachers they appear stronger and more mature than late maturing boys. They may be chosen for leadership roles and many excel athletically.
  • Boys who mature later generally do not do as well within peer groups and are usually perceived as being less confident and capable.
  • For girls the exact opposite is true. Early maturing girls are oftentimes very self-conscious about their bodies and tend to engage in more adult behaviors like drinking alcohol and sexual activity.
  • Girls who mature later tend to do better in school, are more sociable, and considered physically attractive by their peers.
  • Early maturing girls and late maturing boys have difficulty because they feel 'out of place' when with their peers. Adolescents feel most comfortable with friends who match their own level of biological maturity.

Mental Abilities:

  • Both males and females show an increase in the capacity for abstract thinking. This results in both sexes becoming more argumentative, idealistic, and critical.
  • Girls tend to have a slight advantage in verbal skills while boys do better with mathematical reasoning.

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Appropriate time for this post.

by RepostToasties

Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence, wrote an interesting piece in response to last year's edge.org question, "What is your dangerous idea?" His response was: "The Internet may harbor social perils our inhibitory circuitry was not designed to handle in evolution." From the essay: "The Internet inadvertently undermines the quality of human interaction, allowing destructive emotional impulses freer reign under specific circumstances. The reason is a neural fluke that results in cyber-disinhibition of brain systems that keep our more unruly urges in check. The tech problem: a major disconnect between the ways our brains are wired to connect, and the interface offered in online interactions

OOPS mispost

by ---

Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence, wrote an interesting piece in response to last year's edge.org question, "What is your dangerous idea?" His response was: "The Internet may harbor social perils our inhibitory circuitry was not designed to handle in evolution." From the essay: "The Internet inadvertently undermines the quality of human interaction, allowing destructive emotional impulses freer reign under specific circumstances. The reason is a neural fluke that results in cyber-disinhibition of brain systems that keep our more unruly urges in check. The tech problem: a major disconnect between the ways our brains are wired to connect, and the interface offered in online interactions

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